One of the most interesting aspects of the English Revolution of the 17th
century was that it allowed popular ideas and discontents to come to light, and
better, be published in forms that are still available.
Women's Petition (1649)
The Humble Petition of divers well-affected women of the Cities of London and Westminster, etc. Sheweth, that since we are assured of our creation in the image of God, and of an interest in Christ equal unto men, as also of a proportional share in the freedoms of this Commonwealth, we cannot but wonder and grieve that we should appear so despicable in your eyes, as to be thought unworthy to petition or represent our grievances to this honorable House.
Have we not an equal interest with the men of this Nation, in those liberties and securities contained in the Petition of Right, and the other good laws of the land? Are any of our lives, limbs, liberties or goods to be taken from us more than from men, but by due process of law and conviction of twelve sworn men of the neighborhood?
And can you imagine us to be so sottish or stupid, as not to perceive, or not to be sensible when daily those strong defenses of our peace and welfare are broken down, and trod under foot by force and arbitrary power?
Would you have us keep at home in our houses, when men of such faithfulness and integrity as the FOUR PRISONERS our friends in the Tower are fetched out of their beds, and forced from their houses by soldiers, to the affrighting and undoing of themselves, their wives, children and families? Are not our husbands, ourselves, our children and families by the same rule as liable to the like unjust cruelties as they? . . . Doth not the Petition of Right declare that no person ought to be judged by Law Martial (except in time of war) . . . ? And are we Christians and shall we sit still and keep at home, while such men as have borne continual testimony against the unjustice of all times, and unrighteousness of men, be picked out and delivered up to the slaughter . . . ?
No.... Let it be accounted folly, presumption ... or whatsoever in us ... we
will never forsake them, nor ever cease to importune you . . for justice . . .
that we, our husbands, children, friends and servants may not be liable to be
thus abused, violated and butchered at men's wills and pleasures . . .
From J. O'Faolain and L Martines, Not in God's Image (New York: Harper
and Row, 1973), pp. 266-267.
Some of the radical groups were the religious sects which held that women
could be preachers and ministers. Mary Cary was associated with the "Fifth
From Mary Cary. The New Jerusalem's Glory
And if there be very few men that are thus furnished with the gift of the
Spirit; how few are the women! Not but that there are many godly women, many who
have indeed received the Spirit: but in how small a measure is it? how weak are
they? and how unable to prophesie? for it is that that I am speaking of, which
this text says they shall do; which yet we see not fulfilled.... But the time is
coming when this promise shall be fulfilled, and the Saints shall be abundantly
filled with the spirit; and not only men, but women shall prophesie; not only
aged men, but young men; not only superiours, but inferiours; not only those
that have University learning, but those that have it not; even servants and
From M. Cary, The New Jerusalem's Glory (London, 1656), p. 238.
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(c)Paul Halsall Aug 1997