Introduction - general features of Scandinavian societies
Equality, modernity, tradition, national/Scandinavian/Nordic identity,
economic efficiency, extensive welfare state
Is there a 'Scandinavian model'?
(1) What does it comprise?
(2) When did it come into existence?
Roots in late C19th (Baldwin, Kuhnle) or in 'social democratic
hegemony' of the 1930s (Esping-Andersen, Castles).
(3) Whose interests does it serve?
Agrarian/bourgeois origins; post-war middle-class interests (Baldwin)
(4) No single Scandinavian model?
(Christensen - SPS 1997)