I'm a quantitative linguist interested in phonological variation and change. My research uses statistical and experimental methods to examine how language external factors drive variation within limits set by internal structural factors.

Ongoing Projects

Ultrasound tongue imaging

My ongoing work on English liquids builds on my PhD research on English /l/ by using ultrasound tongue imaging to monitor speech. I'm working on Arabic laterals with Ghada Khattab. My upcoming project looks at rhoticity in North-West varieties of English.

Northern Englishes

As a daily user of the Manchester accent and an inhabitant of England's most recognisable dialect area, I love researching Northern Englishes. My ongoing work with Maciej Baranowski is large-scale investigation into phonological variation and change in Manchester. Read our overview chapter here.


I also have an ongoing project analysing variation and change in Blackburn, Lancashire with a focus on rhoticity.

Research

Papers

Turton, Danielle. 2017. Categorical or gradient? An ultrasound investigation of /l/-darkening and vocalisation in varieties of English. In Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology, 8(1).
[article]

Turton, Danielle. 2016. Synchronic stratum-specific rates of application reflect diachronic change: morphosyntactic conditioning of variation in English /l/-darkening. Papers in Historical Phonology , Volume 1.
[article]

Schleef, Erik and Danielle Turton. 2016. Sociophonetic variation of like in British dialects: effects of function, context and predictability. English Language and Linguistics. [article]

Baranowski, Maciej and Danielle Turton. 2015. Manchester English. In Raymond Hickey (ed.) Researching Northern Englishes. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. [preview]

Turton, Danielle. 2015. Determining categoricity in English /l/-darkening: A Principal Component Analysis of ultrasound spline data. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Science (ICPhS) , Glasgow, 10th-14th August 2015. [paper]

Turton Danielle. 2014. Some /l/s are darker than others: Accounting for variation in English /l/ with ultrasound tongue imaging. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 2014, 20(2). [pdf]

Turton, Danielle. 2013. The darkening of English /l/: A Stochastic Stratal OT analysis. Research paper, the University of Manchester. Available at http://ling.auf.net/lingBuzz/001524

Forthcoming

Baranowski, Maciej and Danielle Turton. Under revision. td-deletion in British English: New evidence for the long lost morphological effect. Accepted pending revisions at Language Variation and Change.

Baranowski, Maciej and Danielle Turton. In prep. The social-stratification of the FOOT-STRUT vowels in Manchester. Forthcoming in Penn Working Papers in Linguistics .

Theses

Turton, Danielle. 2014. Variation in English /l/: Synchronic reflections of the life cycle of phonological processes. PhD thesis, University of Manchester.
[thesis].

Turton, Danielle. 2010. The sociophonology of linking and intrusive /r/. MA dissertation. The University of Manchester.

Turton, Danielle. 2009. Consonantal variation in Mancunian English. BA dissertation. The University of Manchester.

Selected conference presentations

Turton, Danielle. 2018. Ge[ɾ]ing be[ɾ]er all the time? The decline of t-flapping in Lancashire. Invited talk at University of Sheffield linguistics speaker series, 2nd May 2018.

Turton, Danielle. 2018. t-flapping vs. glottalling in Lancashire, London and beyond: a sociophonological analysis of variation and change. Invited talk at QMUL linguistics speaker series, 21st March, Queen Mary University of London.
[slides]

Turton, Danielle. 2018. Knowing your /r/s from your elbow: looking at variation and change in English rhoticity. Invited talk at University of Edinburgh English Language Society, 31st January 2018.
[slides]

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2018. FOOT-STRUT in Manchester: social class, age grading and listener knowledge. Paper presented at the 8th Northern Englishes Workshop. 27-28th March 2018, Newcastle University.

Turton, Danielle. 2017. t-flapping in present day Northern English: implications for sociophonological change. Paper presented at the third Edinburgh Symposium in Historical Phonology. 30th November - 1st December 2017, University of Edinburgh.
[abstract] [slides]

Baranowski, Maciej and & Danielle Turton. 2017. The FOOT-STRUT vowels in Manchester: synchronic evidence for the historical trajectory of the split? Paper presented at the third Edinburgh Symposium in Historical Phonology, 30th November - 1st December 2017, University of Edinburgh.

Baranowski, Maciej and & Danielle Turton. 2017. The FOOT-STRUT vowels in Manchester: Evidence for the diachronic precursor to the split? Paper presented at New Ways of Analysing Variation 46, 2nd-5th November 2017, Madison.

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2017. Not quite the same: The social-stratification of the FOOT-STRUT vowels in Manchester. Paper presented at UKLVC 11, 29th - 31st August 2017, Cardiff University.

Warburton, Jasmine and Danielle Turton. 2017. Reanalysis of Tyneside linking /r/: Are younger speakers reversing the trend toward word-level deletion? Poster presented at the 4th Workshop in Sound Change, 20-22nd April 2017, University of Edinburgh. [poster]

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2016. The morphological effect in British English T/D-deletion. Paper presented at the Linguistic Association of Great Britain, 7th September 2016, University of York. [abstract]

Turton, Danielle, George Bailey, Maciej Baranowski & Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero. 2016. A stationary frequency effect in Manchester English. Paper presented at the 24th Manchester Phonology Meeting, 26th May 2016, Manchester. [abstract]

Baranowski, Maciej and & Danielle Turton. 2016. Unstressed vowel backing in Manchester English. Paper presented at the 7th Northern Englishes Workshop, 14th April 2016, Edinburgh University. [abstract]

Turton, Danielle. 2015. 4,000 /r/s from Blackburn, Lancashire: A (socio)phonological analysis of rhoticity in Northern England. Invited talk, Manchester Forum in Linguistics, University of Manchester, 6-7th November 2015.

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2015. Absence of a blocking r[ʏɫ]?: the presence of /u/-fronting before /l/ in Manchester. UKLVC, University of York, 1st-3rd September 2015 [abstract]

Karatzenis, Anne-Marie, Josef Fruehwald, Danielle Turton and Joel C. Wallenberg. 2015. Gender and linguistic variation: a role for hormonal organising effects. UKLVC, University of York, 1st-3rd September 2015. [poster]

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2015. /u/-fronting before /l/ in Manchester: Linguistic or social parallelism? Paper presented at Formal Ways of Analysing Variation (FWAV) 2, Reykjavik, 28th May 2015.

Turton, Danielle and Maciej Baranowski. 2014. T[ʉ] c[ʉɫ] for sch[ʉɫ]: the interaction of /l/-darkening and /u/-fronting in Manchester. Paper presented at New Ways of Analysing Variation (NWAV) 43, Chicago, 23rd-26th October 2014. [abstract]

Schleef, Erik and Danielle Turton. 2014. Monophthongisation of 'like' in two British capitals: effects of function, context and frequency. Paper presented at the 3rd Conference of the International Society for the Linguistics of English (ISLE3), University of Zurich, 24th-27th August 2014.

Turton, Danielle. 2014. /l/-darkening in varieties of English: A dialectological approach to articulatory variation. Paper presented as part of the special session 'Instrumental articulatory phonetics and dialectological fieldwork. Strange bedfellows?' at Methods in Dialectology XV, University of Groningen, 11th-15th August 2014.

Baranowski, Maciej and Danielle Turton. 2014. Linguistic and social constraints on consonantal variation in Manchester English. Paper presented at Methods in Dialectology XV, University of Groningen, 11th-15th August 2014.

MacKenzie, Laurel, George Bailey, and Danielle Turton. 2014. Crowdsourcing dialectology in the undergraduate classroom. Paper presented at Methods in Dialectology XV, University of Groningen, 11th-15th August 2014.

Turton, Danielle. 2014. An ultrasound investigation of Northern English /l/s. Presented at the 6th Northern Englishes Workshop, Lancaster University, 16th - 17th April 2014. Slides available here.

Baranowski, Maciej and Danielle Turton. 2014. Linguistic and social constraints on consonantal variation in Manchester English. Presented at the 6th Northern Englishes Workshop, Lancaster University, 16th - 17th April 2014 [poster]

Turton, Danielle. 2014. Ultrasound evidence for gradient and categorical components of English /l/ lenition processes. Presented at the British Academic Association of Phoneticians (BAAP) Colloquium, Oxford University, 7th - 9th April 2014. [slides] Winner of the Eugénie Henderson award.

MacKenzie, Laurel and Danielle Turton. 2013. Crossing the Pond: Extending Automatic Alignment Techniques to British English Dialect Data. Paper presented at New Ways of Analysing Variation (NWAV) 2013, Pittsburgh [slides]

Turton, Danielle. 2013. An ultrasound investigation of /l/-darkening in varieties of English. Paper presented at the 21st Manchester Phonology Meeting, Manchester, 23rd-25th May 2013. [slides]

Turton, Danielle and Michael Ramsammy. 2012. /ɪ,ə/-lowering in Manchest[ʌ]: Contextual patterns of gradient variabilit[ε]. Paper given at the 20th Manchester Phonology Meeting, Manchester, 24th-26th May 2012 [slides]

Turton, Danielle. 2012. The morphosyntactic conditioning of /l/ in English: Synchronic reflections of the life cycle of phonological processes. Talk given at Synchrony and Diachrony: Variation and Change in Language History, a Philological Society Symposium, Oxford University, 16th March 2012.

Turton, Danielle. 2011. The darkening of English /l/: a Stochastic Stratal OT Analysis. Paper given at the 19th Manchester Phonology Meeting, Manchester, 19th May 2011 [slides].

Teaching

  • HSS8005 Quantitative methods in Linguistics
  • SEL1032 Dealing with Data
  • SEL3094 Accents of English
  • SEL1027 Shaping sounds and syntax
  • SEL8513 The grammar of variation
  • SEL8117 Phonetics and phonology

Postgraduate supervision

I am interested in supervising PhD topics in phonological variation and change, laboratory phonology, quantitative methods in variation, accents of English, language change (particularly the synchrony and diachrony of phonological processes) and ultrasound tongue imaging.

Current postgraduate students

  • Jang Noobutra: The merger of /l/ and /r/ in Thai and Thai speakers' English
  • Jasmine Warburton: Tyneside vowel mergers in production and perception
  • Chanuwan Phetkla: Thai loanword phonology
  • Suaad Ambu-Saidi: Variation and change in the Nizwa Dialect of Omani Arabic
  • Caitlin Halfacre: Variation and change in Received Pronunciation
  • Jac Mantle: Using ultrasound Tongue Imaging and reaction time methods to investigate initiation and planning in Apraxia of Speech